Early camps and SS concentration camps and subcamps

Cover of: Early camps and SS concentration camps and subcamps |

Published by Indiana University Press in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Bloomington, IN .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Concentration camps -- Europe,
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration camps -- Europe

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementeditor, Geoffrey P. Megargee ; foreword by Elie Wiesel.
SeriesThe United States Holocaust Memorial Museum encyclopedia of camps and ghettos, 1933-1945 ; v. 1
ContributionsMegargee, Geoffrey P., 1959-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsD805.A2 E195 2009
The Physical Object
Paginationp. cm.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22501532M
ISBN 109780253353283, 9780253354297
LC Control Number2008037382

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Table of contents for Early camps and SS concentration camps and subcamps / editor, Geoffrey P. Megargee ; foreword by Elie Wiesel. Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. This first volume covers three groups of camps: the early camps that the Nazis established in the first year of Hitler's rule, the major SS concentration camps with their constellations of subcamps, and the special camps for Polish and German children and : Indiana University Press.

Early camps, youth camps, and concentration camps and subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA) / volume editor, Geoffrey P. Megargee -- v. Ghettos in German-occupied Eastern Europe / volume editor, Martin Dean ; contributing editor, Mel Hecker -- v.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos,Volume I Vol. 1: Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA). For the first time, a single reference work will provide detailed information on each individual first volume covers three groups of camps: the early camps that the Nazis established in the first year of Hitler's rule, the major SS concentration camps with their constellations of subcamps, and the special camps for Polish and German.

Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos,Volume I Vol. 1: Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA) (, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay.

Free shipping for many products. As early as the mids, the SS leaders of the concentration camps and the chief of the SS Administration Main Office (SS-Verwaltungshauptamt), SS General Oswald Pohl, recognized the potential of concentration camp prisoners as forced laborers to produce construction materials, and eventually to do the manual labor to build and maintain these.

From onwards, the SS developed and then operated the camp system, which lasted until Germany’s defeat in the Second World War in Shortly after the Night of Long Knives, the SS became an independent organisation (rather than a sub-section of the SA).The SS began shutting down SA camps, and restructuring existing camps on the original Dachau SS camp model.

The Subcamps. From /42 onwards, the SS transferred ever greater numbers of concentration camp prisoners to work as forced labourers in subcamps located across Austria. At first the prisoners were mainly used in construction work building transport routes, power stations and factories.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos,Volume I: Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA).

Get this from a library. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum encyclopedia of camps and ghettos, Volume 1, Early camps, youth camps, and concentration camps and subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA).

[Geoffrey P Megargee; United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.;] -- Created by the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, Vol 1, Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA), ed.

Geoffrey Megargee. Bloomington: Indiana University Press in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, The expansion of Flossenbürg concentration camp led to the establishment of subcamps, the first of which was established at Stulln in February to provide forced labor to a mining company.

Many of them were located in the Sudetenland or across the border in the Protectorate of Bohemia and lly, the subcamps were not involved in armaments production, which changed in the.

What They Say About the Project Re-Finding the Sub Camps of Auschwitz: For survivors of the German concentration and extermination camps including the survivors of Auschwitz, it is a depressing problem that the world’s attention is increasingly focused only on the name Auschwitz and the names of the other camps and camp systems complicit in the Holocaust and the crimes of the Nazis have.

Armaments workshops were set up in the concentration camps, but primarily external work details and subcamps were located near armament manufacturers. The Dachau concentration camp had under its authority a vast network of subscamps, predominantly in southern Bavaria. The prisoners were forced to work mainly in the air armaments sector.

Subordinate to the main concentration camps, these subcamps were generally located in the vicinity of factories, stone quarries and mines, in which SS labor allocation officers deployed prisoners transferred from the main camp. Between andthe SS authorities established nearly 50 subcamps in the Mauthausen concentration camp system.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, | Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA) - Vol.

1 By Geoffrey P. Megargee Indiana University Press, the united states holocaust memorial museum encyclopedia of camps and ghettos,volume 1, parts a & b: early camps, youth camps, and concentration camps and subcamps under the ss-business administration main office.

I: Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA). Indiana University Press, Megargee, Geoffrey (ed.).

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos,Vol. II: Ghettos In German-Occupied Eastern Europe. Indiana University. Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA).

Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, – 1. Bloomington: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. – ISBN Stone, Dan (). The SS as the war progressed and labour became scarce attempted to harness their captive labour force in the concentration camps both for the SS itself and the German economy.

Their attempts were in the main not successful and a mentality of “Vernichtung durch Arbeit” persisted until the end of the war. It should be noted that the number of. From toNazi Germany operated more than a thousand concentration camps on its own territory and in parts of German-occupied Europe.

The first camps were established in March immediately after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of ing the Night of Long Knives inthe concentration camps were run exclusively by the SS via the Concentration Camps.

From there they were transported on rail wagons to the concentration camp at Flossenbürg, from where some were sent to one of the sub camps of Dachau. The remaining prisoners left the Golleschau sub camp on Janu and were transported on goods wagons from the station in Goleszów destination Bruntál in today´s Czech Republic.

Sub-Camps of Auschwitz Concentration Camp More than 40 Auschwitz sub-camps, exploiting the prisoners as slave laborers, were founded, mainly at various sorts of German industrial plants and farms, between and Click on the name of the sub-camp to see more. Altdorf in Stara Wieś near Pszczyna ( – ).

Forestry work, employer. Mire were predictable – I had spent Christmas alone in a thick and cold fog in the Buchenwald concentration camp before driving to the vicinity of Bergen Belsen in the early dusk; at this moment I was in a festive place in the comfort of beloved company; in a day’s time we were leaving for the death camps of the SS in Poland, not only.

The Nazi State Treasury through the concentration camps, earned huge profits from prisoner labour. Auschwitz concentration camp charged the employing entities between and RM per day of labour for a qualified prisoner and between and RM per day for an unskilled prisoner. SS entities were charged less.

Probably as a result of the ongoing evacuation of the Auschwitz complex of camps, control of the 2 SS Bauzug was transferred to the Buchenwald concentration camp. Despite numerous orders from the commander of Bauzug and repressive measures, the prisoners still took advantage of every opportunity to organise extra food.

Bełżec Bełżec extermination camp was built with the purpose of eliminating Polish Jews. By aroundJews are believed to have been murdered by the SS at this site. Natzweiler-Struthof Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp was located close to the Alsatian village of Natzwiller, and was the only concentration camp to have been built on French.

Prisoners were taken into unlimited “protective custody” to be “reeducated”. Dachau, founded inwas the first major concentration camp. Himmler – in his role of head of the SS – appointed Theodor Eicke as camp commandant.

Eicke would create in Dachau the brutal, inhumane paradigm for all Nazi camps to follow. Natzweiler-Struthof was a Nazi concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the villages of Natzweiler and Struthof in the Gau Baden-Alsace of Germany, on territory annexed from France on a de facto basis in It operated from 21 May to Septemberand was the only concentration camp established by the Germans in the territory of pre-war France.

National Jewish Book Award in the Holocaust category. Volumes Edit. Volume I: Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA),ISBN ; Volume II: Ghettos in German-Occupied Eastern Europe,ISBN Neuengamme concentration camp Wöbbelin subcamp, near the city of Ludwigslust The SS had established Wöbbelin in early February to house concentration camp prisoners who had conditions at the camp when the 8th Infantry Division and.

From September to Marchmore t prisoners had arrived at Bergen-Belsen from Auschwitz and other camps. SS opposition and casualties in the camp. Flossenbürg was a Nazi concentration camp built in May by the SS Main Economic and Administrative other concentration camps, it was located in a remote area, in the Fichtel Mountains of Bavaria, adjacent to the town of Flossenbürg and near the German border with camp's initial purpose was to exploit the forced labor of prisoners for the.

Who would do the work. The SS could count on a reserve army of concentration-camp inmates, human beings who had been stripped of all their rights.

At first, Himmler, Pohl, and Eicke chose men deemed “professional criminals” and “asocials” to do the labor. In early August the first inmates set foot in the camp. Gross-Rosen concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Groß-Rosen) was a German network of Nazi concentration camps built and operated during World War II.

The main camp was located in the German village of Gross-Rosen, now the modern-day Rogoźnica in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland; directly on the rail-line between the towns of Jawor (Jauer) and Strzegom (Striegau). For the time being, Dachau was used as a training site for members of the newly established “Waffen-SS,” an elite SS combat unit whose troops also helped run concentration camps.

By early. Map showing the 3 camps in Auschwitz: UCSB Hist 33d, L Concentration Camps, lectures on Oct. 4 & 6, by Professor Harold Marcuse contact: [email protected] uploaded Oct. 11,updated 10/24/ The SS erects numerous subcamps to the main concentration camps in close proximity to armament factories.

Up until the end of the war, the Dachau concentration camp operates a network of subcamps, located foremost in southern Bavaria. According to SS files, more than 2, women lived in Sachsenhausen, guarded by female SS staff (Aufseherin). Camp records show that there was one male SS soldier for every ten inmates and for every ten male SS there was a woman SS.

Several subcamps for women were established in Berlin, including in Neukölln. Towards the end of the war, 13.

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